The Frequency Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Among School Age Children Of Rawalpindi

  • Maimoona Maheen Final Year Medical Student, Rawalpindi Medical University
  • Mehak Ruqia Fourth Year Medical Student, Rawalpindi Medical University
  • Muzna Mehmood Fourth Year Medical Student, Rawalpindi Medical University
Keywords: Attention Deficit Hyperkinetic Disorder, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Abstract

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is mainly defined by features of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. It is the most frequently encountered childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder in the primary care settings.
Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperkinetic Disorder (ADHD) in school going children of Rawalpindi.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out from May 2017 to July 2018 in schools of Rawalpindi. Our study population comprised of children and teens with age ranging from 6-16. A standard questionnaire ‘Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition Teachers’ Version’ (DSM-IV-TR) was used to collect information from 223 teachers about the children.
Results: Out of 223 study subjects, 105 (47.0%) were male and 118 (52.9%) were females with mean age of 12 years. Out of the total sample, 77 (34.5%) were diagnosed with ADHD. Out of these 77, we found out that 41 (53.2%) were suffering from ADHD-I (inattention) making it the most prevalent sub-type of the ADHD in the given sample, whereas 18 (23.3%) children were found out to be suffering from ADHD-HI (hyperactivity) and 18 (23.3%) from ADHD-C (combined) type.
Conclusion: The prevalence of ADHD is much higher in our population than in most regions of the world indicating negligence towards this important psychiatric problem.

Published
2019-01-08
How to Cite
1.
Maheen M, Ruqia M, Mehmood M. The Frequency Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Among School Age Children Of Rawalpindi. JRMC [Internet]. 8Jan.2019 [cited 19Oct.2021];22(S-2):52-6. Available from: http://journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/1003