Histological Pattern Of Ovarian Neoplasms And Their Age Wise Distribution-Study Conducted At A Tertiary Care Hospital
Background: Ovarian cancer is the 6th most common cancer in females in USA. The purpose of this study is to determine the distribution of histopathological types of ovarian cancers in different age groups of females to provide an institutional experience.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study included 123 cases of ovarian neoplasms reported from January 2014 to June 2017 in Benazir Bhutto Teaching Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The patients who underwent surgery for ovariotomy alone or along with hysterectomy were selected in the study. All the patients with proved histopathological diagnosis of ovarian tumors were included in the study, while all those with other ovarian pathologies were excluded. Non probability consecutive sampling technique was used. The WHO classification of ovarian tumors was the basis of histopathological reports (HPR).
Results: The results ascertained that 107(86.99%) tumors were benign while 16 (13.01%) were malignant. 82.3% were surface epithelial tumors and 17.7% were germ cell tumors. Serous cystadenoma was the most common benign tumor being 54.2% of all tumors while serous adenocarcinoma was the most common malignant tumor (62.5%). Most of tumors were seen in reproductive age group. Benign tumors were more common below 40 years of age while malignant neoplasms were more common above 40 years. Only 4 tumors were bilateral.
Conclusion: Benign ovarian neoplasms are commonest of ovarian tumors. These are common in age group <40 years.
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