Histological Pattern Of Ovarian Neoplasms And Their Age Wise Distribution-Study Conducted At A Tertiary Care Hospital

  • Fazeelat Iftikhar 4th year MBBS RMU
  • Hira Anum 4th year MBBS RMU
  • Naghmana Iftikhar Final Year MBBS RMU
  • Ammara Ijaz Department of Pathology Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi
  • Naima Gul 4th year Medical Student, RMU
Keywords: Germ cell tumor,, ovarian tumors

Abstract

Background: Ovarian cancer is the 6th most common cancer in females in USA. The purpose of this study is to determine the distribution of histopathological types of ovarian cancers in different age groups of females to provide an institutional experience.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study included 123 cases of ovarian neoplasms reported from January 2014 to June 2017 in Benazir Bhutto Teaching Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The patients who underwent surgery for ovariotomy alone or along with hysterectomy were selected in the study. All the patients with proved histopathological diagnosis of ovarian tumors were included in the study, while all those with other ovarian pathologies were excluded. Non probability consecutive sampling technique was used. The WHO classification of ovarian tumors was the basis of histopathological reports (HPR).
Results: The results ascertained that 107(86.99%) tumors were benign while 16 (13.01%) were malignant. 82.3% were surface epithelial tumors and 17.7% were germ cell tumors. Serous cystadenoma was the most common benign tumor being 54.2% of all tumors while serous adenocarcinoma was the most common malignant tumor (62.5%). Most of tumors were seen in reproductive age group. Benign tumors were more common below 40 years of age while malignant neoplasms were more common above 40 years. Only 4 tumors were bilateral.
Conclusion: Benign ovarian neoplasms are commonest of ovarian tumors. These are common in age group <40 years.

Published
2019-01-08
How to Cite
1.
Iftikhar F, Anum H, Iftikhar N, Ijaz A, Gul N. Histological Pattern Of Ovarian Neoplasms And Their Age Wise Distribution-Study Conducted At A Tertiary Care Hospital. JRMC [Internet]. 8Jan.2019 [cited 19Oct.2021];22(S-2):73-6. Available from: http://journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/1008