Correlation Of Academic Performance Of Medical Students With Their Attendance
Background: Attendance has always been a matter of major concern to relevant authorities. Students on the other hand often do not share the same view and pay little heed to their falling attendance scores. This study was performed to address this conflict in views so that a common ground can be reached to satisfy both parties in light of concrete evidence. The objective of our study was to determine the correlation of marks obtained in first professional examinations (subject wise and also as an aggregate) with attendance of students of Rawalpindi Medical University.
Method: This correlation study was conducted at Rawalpindi Medical College from August 2016 to February 2017. 317 Students of second academic year were included and their standardized percentages of attendances for subjects; Physiology, Biochemistry and Anatomy for both academic years 1 and 2 and also collectively were recorded. Similarly, academic results of each student for each subject were also recorded. Pearson’s correlation test at 5% level of significance was applied and linear regression analysis was also performed.
Results: A highly statistically significant positive correlation was observed between total attendance and total marks (Pearson’s correlation coefficient r= 0.50, p-value=0.00) of students. The regression analysis showed with R-square change 0.25, F=106.85 and beta 0.50 (p=0.00) that for every 1 % increase in attendance there was increase of 0.5 marks. Subject wise analysis also showed highly statistically significant positive correlation with r=0.46, r=0.48, r=0.38 for Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry subjects, respectively (p-values 0.00). Positive correlation also existed for total marks of each 1st and 2nd part of 1st professional exams with their respective yearly attendance.
Conclusion: The academic performance of medical students, in terms of marks obtained is dependent on their attendance not only as an aggregate of all subjects but also in individual subjects of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry.
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