Comparison of Tramadol and Pethidine for the treatment of shivering during spinal anesthesia

  • Faisal Wahid Combined Military Hospital Malir Cantt
  • Aftab Hussain
  • Faiz ur Rehman Combined Military Hospital Malir Cantt

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the study is to compare the effectiveness of tramadol vs pethidine for treatment of shivering occurring after spinal anesthesia.

Study Design: Double blind comparative study.

Place and duration of study: Department of anesthesiology and pain medicine, Combined Military Hospital Malir Cantt Karachi from 1st September to 31st December 2017.

Methodology: 70 patients were selected following non-random convenient sampling and were divided into Group A and B. Group A received 0.25mg/kg tramadol while Group B received 0.35mg/kg pethidine. Time to complete control of shivering was noted. Nausea and vomiting were also evaluated by using a four-point scale (Table1).

Results: Shivering was successfully controlled in 91.4% and 85.7% respectively in group A and B; success rates were not statistically different (p=0.23). Average time between injection tramadol to complete control of shivering in successfully treated Group A patients was 210±63 seconds (range of 100 to 310 seconds) and for pethidine average time was 174±52 seconds (range of 90 to 258 seconds). Pethidine showed a shorter time to control shivering which was statistically significant (p=0.09) but in real time amounted to an average of 0.6 minutes (Figure 2). Nausea and vomiting were more frequent (14.3% vs 8.6%) in group B as compared to Group A and this was statistically significant (p=0.03).

Conclusion: Tramadol was found to be as effective as pethidine in controlling shivering with fewer side effects in spinal anesthesia

Published
2019-09-18
How to Cite
Wahid, F., Hussain, A., & Rehman, F. (2019). Comparison of Tramadol and Pethidine for the treatment of shivering during spinal anesthesia. Journal of Rawalpindi Medical College, 23(3), 148-152. Retrieved from http://journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/1202