Screening for Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Using Ankle-Brachial Index

  • Hajira Sarwar Department of Surgery, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi
  • Inamullah Shah 1.Department of Surgery, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi
  • Sajida Shah Department of Radiology, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad
  • Eitezaz Ahmad Bashir .Department of Surgery, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi
Keywords: Peripheral artery disease, Coronary artery disease,, Ankle-brachial index

Abstract

Background : To screen for presence of peripheral
arterial disease (PAD) in coronary artery disease
(CAD) patients using ankle- brachial index (ABI).
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study
patients (n=310) above the age of 40 years of both
genders, admitted with diagnosis of coronary arterial
disease were included. Smokers and patients with
hyperlipidemias, diabetes mellitus, or ankle brachial
index (ABI) >1.5 were excluded. Patients with ABI of
less than 0.9 in one or both lower limbs were
diagnosed to have PAD.
Results : Out of 310 patients, 26.77% (n= 83) had
ABI < 0.9. Majority of these patients (85.1%) were
asymptomatic. ABI was able to detect PAD in all
these patients. There was no statistical difference in
prevalence between genders.
Conclusion: Arterial brachial index is able to
dectect peripheral arterial disease in patients with
coronary artery disease .

Published
2018-03-30
How to Cite
Sarwar, H., Shah, I., Shah, S., & Bashir, E. A. (2018). Screening for Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Using Ankle-Brachial Index. Journal of Rawalpindi Medical College, 14-17. Retrieved from http://journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/838