Awareness and Practice of Contraception in Child Bearing Age Women
Background: To assess the awareness and usage of
various methods of family planning among the
child bearing age married women .
Methods: In this cross sectional study married
females (n=524) between 15-45 years of age were
selected .Information was obtained regarding
knowledge and pattern of utilizing family planning
(FP) services. The source of knowledge either from
media, family members or friends was noted.
Information regarding contraceptive methods like
natural, barrier, pills, injectable hormones,
intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD), or
permanent method like vasectomy and tubal ligation
was assessed. The reason for selection of the
contraceptive method was asked. The reason for nonpractice
FP was also asked.
Results Mean age of the female was 34.12±7.43
years. Majority (89%) of the women had awareness
about contraception and is practised by 51%.. Barrier
method was the most practiced (37.8%) followed by
pills (18%) and intra-uterine contraceptive device
(17%). Health professionals were the major source of
information (64%) while media had least role (7%).
About 43% were those who never used any
contraceptive method and those who stopped
method later was due to husband disagreement
(33%) or due to fear of side effects (>29%).
Conclusion. Despite having knowledge, there is a
wide gap between awareness and practice of
contraception. One of the major factors among
reasons of non-use of contraception is husband disagreement
and fear of side effects. Role of media
should be encouraged by government to increase the
practice of contraception.