Lipid Profiles and Its Association with Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia in Nulliparous Pregnant Women

  • Asmat Shaheen
  • Muhammad Waqas Luqman
  • Syed Fahim Shah
  • Fozia Zeb
  • Atta Ullah Khan
  • Zahoor Ahmed
Keywords: Pre-eclampsia, Eclampsia, Lipid Profiling, Hypertension IBMS

Abstract

Objectives: To access the lipid profiles and its association with pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in nulliparous pregnant women.

Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 234 nulliparous pregnant women with gestation period of  > 20 weeks and aged 15-45 years, from March to October 2014, in Institute of Basic Medical Sciences (IBMS), Khyber Medical University (KMU), Peshawar, Pakistan with cooperation from gynecology and obstetrics departments of three tertiary-care hospitals of Peshawar & Khyber Medical College, Peshawar,  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. Subjects were assigned to three groups i.e., group A, group B and group C. For performing biochemical assays and lipid profiling, through ELISA, blood samples were collected from already subjects both with the disease and the controls.

Results: Both subjects having pre-eclampsia and eclampsia showed significant elevated levels (p < 0.001) for low density lipoproteins cholesterols (LDL-c), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-c and LDL-c/HDL-c ratio. But TC of pre-eclampsia subjects were found significantly elevated (p < 0.001) in relation to controls. LDL-c/HDL-c and TC/HDL-c also revealed an elevated significant change (p < 0.001) both for pre-eclamptic and eclamptic subjects. On the other hand, only TG/HDL-c in pre-eclamptic patients was found significantly higher (p<0.004) when compared to control group. 

Conclusion: Serum lipid levels were observed higher in pre-eclampsia and eclampsia patients hence an early assessment is necessary to prevent complications in such patients.

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Published
2022-03-31
How to Cite
1.
Shaheen A, Luqman M, Shah S, Zeb F, Khan A, Ahmed Z. Lipid Profiles and Its Association with Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia in Nulliparous Pregnant Women. JRMC [Internet]. 31Mar.2022 [cited 27May2022];26(1):46-1. Available from: https://journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/1690

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