Official publication of Rawalpindi Medical University
Factors associated with seropositivity of Hepatitis B & C: A case control study at Azad Jammu and Kashmir

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Association, Factors, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C

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Quddus MA, Shahzad A, Munawar R, Kiani RS, Mumtaz H, Tahir R. Factors associated with seropositivity of Hepatitis B & C: A case control study at Azad Jammu and Kashmir. JRMC [Internet]. 2023 Apr. 2 [cited 2023 Dec. 1];27(1). Available from:


OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with seropositivity of hepatitis B and C at Azad Jammu and Kashmir 

STUDY DESIGN: Case Control study. 

SETTING AND DURATION: Department of Gastroenterology Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Hospital/ AK Combined Military Hospital Rawalakot, from 1s tJanuary 2021 to 30th June 2021.

METHODOLOGY: This study involved 173 patients suffering from Hepatitis B or C.144 age and gender matched healthy controls was enrolled from within the hospital. Detailed socio-demographic proforma was filled by both the cases and controls which included all the relevant factors. Pearson chi-square test was applied to look for statistically significant difference in factors associated with seropositivity of hepatitis B and C among cases and controls. 

RESULTS:  A totalof 317 participants were included in the study. 144 were healthy controls and 173 were patients suffering from hepatitis B and C. 149 (86.1%) had hepatitis C while 24 (13.9%) had hepatitis B. Mean age of the study participants were 36.95±3.19 years. Marital status, positive family history of hepatitis B and C and history of surgery or dental procedure had statistically significant relationship with seropositivity of Hepatitis B and C (p-value<0.05) 

CONCLUSION: Individuals who were married or had anybody in family positive for hepatitis B and C were more at risk of having these infections. In this study dental procedures, surgeries and family history of these infections have highest incidence of risk factors associated with HCV & HBV infections


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Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Abdul Quddus, Rizwan Saeed Kiani, Arslan Shahzad, Muhammad Nadeem, Jhangir Zaib, Rukhsana Munawar