The Influencing Factors of the Career Pathway for Health Professions’ Education

  • Ayesha Naveed CMH LMC & IOD
  • Barik Ahmed Riphah international university
  • Ayesha Haque Dental College HITEC-IMS, Taxila
  • Amer Siddiq Pakistan kidney and liver transplant institute and research center, Lahore
  • Huma Farid Margalla Institute Of Health Sciences, Rawalpindi
  • Saria Khalid
Keywords: Graduate, factor, Health Professions Education, career, choice, specialty, preference.

Abstract

Objective: This study has been designed to identify and explore the factors that influence medical and dental graduates to opt for Health Professions Education (HPE) as a sole career.
Materials and Methods:
Main design: A qualitative study
Sub Type: Phenomenological (exploratory) design was used to find out the factors that influenced medical and dental graduates to choose HPE as a full-time career.
Setting: It was conducted at Riphah International University, Islamabad.
Duration: From February to June.
Sampling technique: Purposive non-probability sampling was used including graduates that had opted for HPE as a career.
Population size: six participants agreed to participate in the study. There were 4 females and 2 males. The mean age of the participants was 44 years.
Data collection tool: Semi-structured one-on-one interviews were used to collect data.
Data analysis: Thematic analysis was done employing © QSR International’s NVivo Software v.11. The emergent themes were named according to the nodes in which the data were stored.
Results: Thematic analysis revealed a total of thirteen themes. Some of these were common, recurring factors that influenced specialty selection; others were novel and specific findings. All participants, irrespective of planning their choice, considered opportunities for advancement. Student assessment was the most important Core area that had been mentioned in responses as having influenced their choice. There were documented differences between full-time and part-time faculty. Demographics had a positive relationship. Personal motivation and aims were important influences. The Nature of the work documented a significant influence on various responses. All of the participants were influenced by their Role Models/Mentors. Participants faced many challenges and also mentioned how they coped with them. Respondents strongly suggested and refer this as a career.
Conclusion: An individual’s personal aim and motivation were very important factors as they assisted them to face challenges and stay steadfast. Females were more likely to choose HPE as a profession. Participants chose this profession because it matched their personality specifically as full-time faculty and were passionate about it. Role Models/Mentors were an influence on the specialty choice for all the participants.

Author Biographies

Ayesha Haque, Dental College HITEC-IMS, Taxila

Associate Professor, Department Of Anatomy

Amer Siddiq, Pakistan kidney and liver transplant institute and research center, Lahore

Associate Professor &  consultant pathologist , pathology department 

Huma Farid, Margalla Institute Of Health Sciences, Rawalpindi

Associate Professor, Department Of Operative Dentistry

References

1. Ramani S, McKimm J, Thampy H, O'Sullivan PS, Rogers GD, Turner TL, et al. From clinical educators to educational scholars and leaders: strategies for developing and advancing a career in health professions education. 2020;17(5):477-82.
2. Gati I, Kulcsár VJJoVB. Making better career decisions: From challenges to opportunities. 2021;126:103545.
3. Khalaf ME, Abubakr NH, Alenezi H, Ziada HJEJoDE. The motivation and confidence in choosing dentistry as a career amongst dental students: A mixed‐methods study. 2021.
4. Bergey BW, Ranellucci JJCEP. Motivation profiles of urban preservice teachers: Relations to socialization, initial career perceptions, and demographics. 2021;64:101936.
5. Yusuf MAJAJoE, Studies S. Adult Learning Principles a Strategy for Improving Instructional Delivery in Higher Institutions of Learning in Nigeria. 2021:38-45.
6. Africa AoSoS. Reconceptualising health professions education in South Africa. 2018.
7. Bearman M, Mahoney P, Tai J, Castanelli D, Watling CJMe. Invoking culture in medical education research: A critical review and metaphor analysis. 2021.
8. Karmaya NM, Repro MJFoMU, PSSKPD,. LEARNING PROGRAMS.11.
9. Latif MZ, Wajid GJPjoms. Reforming medical education in Pakistan through strengthening departments of medical education. 2018;34(6):1439.
10. Iqbal KJIMJ. Role of accrediting bodies in promoting/regulating medical education in Pakistan. 2019;11(4).
11. Batool S, Raza MA, Khan RAJPjoms. Roles of medical education department: What are expectations of the faculty? 2018;34(4):864.
12. Ojuka D, Aseta F, Githambo B, Wambua BJAoAS. Medical Students’ Perceptions of the Medical Education Learning Environment at the University of Nairobi: II. A Qualitative Study. 2021;18(2):103-8.
13. Scheel MJ, Stabb SD, Cohn TJ, Duan C, Sauer EMJTCP. Counseling psychology model training program. 2018;46(1):6-49.
14. Flick U. An introduction to qualitative research: sage; 2018.
15. Thomas A, Samanta MK, Dubey SK, Jose S, KP A. THE QUESTERVIEW METHOD AS A MEASURING TOOL IN INTEGRATED QUALITATIVE QUANTITATIVE CLINICAL STRESS EVALUATION STUDY. 2014.
16. Ahad R, Mustafa MZ, Mohamad S, Abdullah NHS, Nordin MNJJoTE, Training. Work Attitude, Organizational Commitment and Emotional Intelligence of Malaysian Vocational College Teachers. 2021;13(1):15-21.
17. Kassim SS, McGowan Y, McGee H, Whitford DLJBme. Prepared to practice? Perception of career preparation and guidance of recent medical graduates at two campuses of a transnational medical school: a cross-sectional study. 2016;16(1):1-8.
18. Hebditch M, Daley S, Wright J, Sherlock G, Scott J, Banerjee SJBme. Preferences of nursing and medical students for working with older adults and people with dementia: a systematic review. 2020;20(1):1-11.
19. Ossai EN, Azuogu BNJTNHJ. Future career plans of final year medical students in medical schools of southeast Nigeria: implications for policy. 2019;18(3):121-31.
20. Raj M, Platt JE, Anthony DL, Fitzgerald JT, Lee S-YDJAM. Exploring how personal, social, and institutional characteristics contribute to geriatric medicine subspecialty decisions: A qualitative study of trainees’ perceptions. 2021;96(3):425-32.
21. Edmunds LD, Ovseiko PV, Shepperd S, Greenhalgh T, Frith P, Roberts NW, et al. Why do women choose or reject careers in academic medicine? A narrative review of empirical evidence. 2016;388(10062):2948-58.
22. Corless KG, Samy A, Kamil A, Ryan EJ, Shafik L, Bassily K, et al. The future of general surgery in Ireland: factors influencing career decisions of medical students. 2021;190(2):741-7.
23. Levaillant M, Levaillant L, Lerolle N, Vallet B, Hamel-Broza J-FJE. Factors influencing medical students’ choice of specialization: A gender based systematic review. 2020;28:100589.
24. Siddiqui ZSJPjoms. Application of career related research in Pakistan: the case of apples vs mangoes. 2016;32(3):773.
25. Wilbanks L, Spollen J, Messias EJAP. Factors influencing medical school graduates toward a career in psychiatry: analysis from the 2011–2013 Association of American Medical Colleges graduation questionnaire. 2016;40(2):255-60.
26. Gavinski K, Cleveland E, Didwania AK, Feinglass JM, Sulistio MSJJogim. Relationship Between Confidence, Gender, and Career Choice in Internal Medicine. 2021;36(3):662-7.
27. Zaheer F, Rehman HU, Fareed W, Khan MO, Rizvi SAHJC. Factors affecting the choice of a career in the field of surgery among medical students of Karachi. 2018;10(11).
28. Ie K, Murata A, Tahara M, Komiyama M, Ichikawa S, Takemura YC, et al. What determines medical students’ career preference for general practice residency training?: a multicenter survey in Japan. 2018;17(1):1-6.
Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Naveed A, Ahmed B, Haque A, Siddiq A, Farid H, Khalid S. The Influencing Factors of the Career Pathway for Health Professions’ Education. JRMC [Internet]. 30Jun.2022 [cited 12Aug.2022];26(2):311-20. Available from: https://journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/1891
Section
Articles