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Patterns Of HRCT In Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis At A Tertiary Care Hospital

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Anwar S, Nawaz A, Moinuddin IA, Kashif M, Mumtaz A, Bhatti MI. Patterns Of HRCT In Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis At A Tertiary Care Hospital. JRMC [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 17];28(2). Available from: https://journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/2480

Abstract

Abstract:

Background:

With the advancement in biomedical engineering and imaging technology, HRCT scan has emerged as more effective tool than standard1computed tomography scan & traditional chest radiography in detecting pulmonary pathologies including pulmonary tuberculosis.

Objective:

To determine different patterns of HRCT in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.

Study Design: Retrospective observational study.

Setting: Department of Pulmonology & Internal Medicine, University of Lahore Teaching Hospital, Lahore.

Methodology:         

Total of 76 patients were included in the study based on inclusion & exclusion criteria, selected by non-probability consecutive sampling. Demographic information, signs & symptoms and results from high-resolution tomography scans were noted. Data analysis was performed on SPSS 23 & reported by descriptive statistics.

Results:

Total 76 patients were included. The mean age was 46.18+20.27 years ranging from 8 to 86 years. There were 43(56.6%) males and 33(43.4%) females. 36 (47.37%) patients were up to 45 years of age and 40 (52.63%) patients were above 45 years.

Signs and symptoms of pulmonary TB were cough 60 (78.9%), sputum 21(27.6%), fever 43(55.3%), night sweats 23(30.3%) & weight loss 36(47.4%). Most common HRCT pattern observed was ill defined nodules (77.6% cases) while atelactasis was the least common HRCT pattern observed (22.4% cases).

There was no statistically significant difference (P <0.05) observed between different patterns of HRCT and positive sputum smear.

Conclusion:

Our study concluded that a HRCT scan is helpful in the identification of the disease and its accompanying spectrum in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis with nodules being the most prevalent HRCT pattern.

Key Words:

Tuberculosis (TB), High resolution computerized tomography (HRCT)

https://doi.org/10.37939/jrmc.v28i2.2480
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Copyright (c) 2024 Sohail Anwar, Arsalan Nawaz, Imran Ahmed Moinuddin, Muhammad Kashif , Asim Mumtaz, Muhammad Ijaz Bhatti