Official publication of Rawalpindi Medical University
Frequency of congenital hypothyroidism in new born admitted with neonatal jaundice at tertiary care hospital peshawar

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1.
Abdul Ahad , Romana Bibi , Sijad-Ur-Rehman , Majid Ali Shah , Mutea Ullah , Shahinda AA , RB , S-U-R , MAS , MU , S. Frequency of congenital hypothyroidism in new born admitted with neonatal jaundice at tertiary care hospital peshawar. JRMC [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 2 [cited 2023 Feb. 5];26(4). Available from: https://journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/1768

Abstract

Neonatal jaundice is a common disorder worldwide affecting 30-70% of newborn infants. Severe neonatal jaundice and its progression to kernicterus is a leading cause of death and disability among newborns in poorly-resourced countries.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the frequency of congenital hypothyroidism in new born admitted with neonatal jaundice at tertiary care hospital Peshawar.

METHODOLOGY:

Settings: removed for blind review

Duration: Period of 1 year from January 2020- January 2021.

Study Design: Descriptive (cross sectional) study.

Results:

In our study 489 mothers 386(79%) mothers were in age range 18-30 years while 103(21%) mothers were in age range 31-40 years. 279(57%) babies were male and 210(43%) babies were female. 303(62%) newborns had maternal  gestation age ≤38 weeks and 186(38%) neonates had gestation age >38 weeks. 352(72%) newborns had duration of jaundice ≤14 days and 137(28%) newborns had duration of jaundice >14 days. Birth weight was analyzed as 200(41%) newborns had birth weight ≤2.5 kg and 289(59%) newborns had birth weight >2.5 kg.  15(3%) Mothers had positive history of hypothyroidism  while 474(97%) mothers had negative history of hypothyroidism .  24(5%) mother had positive history of anti-thyroid drug intake while 465(95%) mothers had negative history of anti-thyroid drug intake. 5(1%) newborn had congenital hypothyroidism while 484(99%) newborn didn’t had congenital hypothyroidism.

Conclusion:

Our study concludes that the frequency of congenital hypothyroidism was 1% in new born admitted with neonatal jaundice at tertiary care hospital Peshawar.

Key words:

Hypothyroidism, Jaundice, kernicterus, bilirubin, morbidity, anti-thyroid drugs.

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Copyright (c) 2022 Abdul Ahad , Romana Bibi , Sijad-Ur-Rehman , Majid Ali Shah , Mutea Ullah , Shahinda