Pattern of Congenital Heart Diseases in Paediatric Age Group
Background: To determine the pattern of different
types of congenital heart diseases, in paediatric age
Methods: In this observational cross sectional
study cases of congenital heart defects (CHD) were
included, through simple random sampling
irrespective of age and gender. Every patient’s data
on echocardiographic report clearly indicating his
CHD type along with age and gender was recorded.
Variables of study i.e. type of CHDs, age, and gender
with relative frequencies were presented separately
Results: Out of 298 diagnosed patients of CHD 156
were males and 142 were females. Isolated
ventricular septal defect found to be the most
common anomaly (32.6%). In combination atrial
septal defect and ventricular defect were found to be
most common with 5.4% burden rate. Out of 298
patients Acyanotic CHDs were 67.1% while Cyanotic
CHDs were found to be 32.9%.
Conclusion: Acyanotic CHDs were found to be
dominant over Cyanotic CHDs with relative
percentages of 67.1% and 32.9% respectively
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